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Robots in the mine: How is automation transforming mining and its labour market?

Zrzut ekranu 2023-10-11 o 20.40.37

Robots in the mine: How is automation transforming mining and its labour market?

Mining, one of humanity’s oldest professions, is facing one of the biggest transformations in its history. Advances in automation and robotisation are changing the face of the sector, affecting both efficiency and the shape of the labour market
in mining.

Automation – the key to efficiency

Automation of mining processes is making mines more productive,
and operating costs fall. Machines and robots are capable of working in extreme conditions that would be dangerous for humans – for example, in areas with high concentrations of gases or extremely high temperatures. In addition, mining robots are able to work around the clock, without the need for breaks or changing tired workers.

One of the most important benefits of introducing robotisation in mining is the increase in workplace safety. Machines take over the most dangerous and strenuous tasks, so the risk of accidents in the workplace decreases significantly.

Impact on employment – challenge or opportunity?

Despite the numerous benefits of automation, many are concerned about its impact on the mining labour market. Undoubtedly, many jobs, especially those that are routine
and repetitive, will be replaced by machines. However, on the other hand, people will be needed to design, program and operate these advanced machines. There will also be a need for maintenance, repair and monitoring specialists for automation systems. This means that although some jobs will disappear, new jobs will emerge, often more specialised and requiring higher qualifications.

Adaptation and education

In order to minimise the negative impact of automation on employment, it is essential to adapt the education system to the new labour market requirements. Education
and retraining mining workers in the use of modern technology will be a key element of this transition. The mining industry will need to invest in training and education programmes targeted at existing employees to help them adapt to the new working environment.


The automation and robotisation of mining is an inevitable development that will bring both challenges and opportunities. The keys to success in this new reality will be flexibility, adaptation and continuous education. The mining industry, although rooted in tradition, must follow modernity to survive and prosper in the 21st century.

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